The Durability of Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) Mixtures Designed Using Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Aggregates Against Floodwater Immersion


  • Edi Yusuf Adiman Universitas Riau
  • Mardani Sebayang Universitas Riau
  • Ermiyati Ermiyati Universitas Riau
  • Yenita Morena Universitas Riau



Stone Matrix Asphalt, RAP Aggregates, Floodwater immersion, Durability


The durability of asphalt mixtures against floodwater immersion can serve as a reference to anticipate potential road damage. Moreover, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) materials have been discovered as a substitute for aggregate materials in road pavement due to their environmental friendliness and cost-effectiveness. Therefore, this research aimed to assess the durability of asphalt mixtures produced using RAP aggregate materials against floodwater immersion for 1, 2, 4, and 8 days. The process involved using Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) mixtures with a proportion of 33% RAP aggregate as test specimens. The Marshall test conducted on the asphalt mixture produced an optimum asphalt content (OAC) value of 6.1%. Moreover, the durability of the mixture reduced up to the 8th day of immersion with a residual strength value of 86.29%. It was also discovered that the reduction in the durability value of the mixture produced using 33% RAP aggregate was almost similar to the application of 100% new aggregate (non-RAP). This means RAP aggregate materials are feasible as an environmentally friendly substitute in the mixture of road pavement.


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Author Biographies

Edi Yusuf Adiman, Universitas Riau



Mardani Sebayang, Universitas Riau



Ermiyati Ermiyati, Universitas Riau



Yenita Morena, Universitas Riau




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How to Cite

Adiman, E. Y., Sebayang, M., Ermiyati, E., & Morena, Y. (2023). The Durability of Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) Mixtures Designed Using Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Aggregates Against Floodwater Immersion. Journal of Applied Engineering and Technological Science (JAETS), 4(2), 921–928.