Classification of Maturity Levels in Areca Fruit Based on HSV Image Using the KNN Method


  • Frencis Matheos Sarimole STIKOM Cipta Karya Informatika
  • Anita Rosiana STIKOM Cipta Karya Informatika



Matlab, Areca Ripeness, KNN, HSV


Areca nut (Areca catechu) is a kind of palm plant that grows in Asia and Africa, the eastern part of the Pacific and in Indonesia itself, areca nut can also be found on the islands of Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan. At the stage of classifying the maturity of the betel nut so far, it is still using the manual method which at that stage has subjective weaknesses. Based on these problems, researchers will create a system that is able to classify the level of maturity of areca nut using HSV feature extraction with assistance at the classification stage using the KNN method. In this study, 842 datasets were used which were divided into 3 types of classes, namely ripe, unripe and old fruit. The dataset was divided into 683 training data and 159 test data. In the next stage, the data is tested using the K-Nearest Neighbor method by calculating the closest distance using k = 1. From the results of the calculation of the closest distance k1 produces an accuracy rate of 87.42%.

Kata kunciMatlab, Areca Ripeness, KNN, HSV.


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How to Cite

Sarimole, F. M., & Rosiana, A. (2022). Classification of Maturity Levels in Areca Fruit Based on HSV Image Using the KNN Method. Journal of Applied Engineering and Technological Science (JAETS), 4(1), 64–73.